Pathways to Change Pakistan Policy Symposium

Pathways to Change Pakistan Policy Symposium

Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

 

Washington, D.C.
October 17-18, 2018

Pakistan has enjoyed a series of recent achievements in economic, political, and foreign affairs. Yet it continues to suffer from major challenges that threaten to squander the progress of recent years.  What can Pakistan do to capitalize on its opportunities and address its challenges? This symposium, jointly organized by the Wilson Center and INDUS, seeks to answer this question and others with an emphasis on identifying practical,innovative, and actionable policy solutions.

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AGENDA

October 17

9:00am-9:30am: Registration

9:30am-9:45am: Welcoming Remarks
Michael Kugelman, Deputy Director, Asia Program, and Senior Associate for South Asia,Wilson Center
Shezad Habib, Senior Adviser, Indus

9:45am-10:30am: Opening Address

Henry S. Ensher, U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia

Moderator: Shezad Habib, Senior Adviser, Indus
10:45am-12:45pm: U.S.-Pakistan Relations

How can the U.S. and Pakistan arrive at a realistic and workable relationship? What should the contours of U.S.-Pakistan cooperation look like, realistically speaking, given what weknow about the nature of the relationship today and the dynamics of broader South Asia?Can the two sides move beyond current tension points and still find ways to partner? If so, what should that type of partnership look like? Can the United States look at Pakistan through any lens other than Afghanistan?

Spotlight Speaker: Shuja Nawaz, Distinguished Fellow, Atlantic Council
Panelists:
Hasan Askari-Rizvi, Professor Emeritus of Political Science, Punjab University, Lahore
Salman Bashir, Former Pakistani Foreign Secretary
Laurel Miller, Senior Political Scientist, RAND Corporation and Former Acting Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan
David Sedney, Senior Associate, Center for Strategic and International Studies, and Former U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Central Asia
Moderator: Michael Kugelman, Deputy Director, Asia Program, and Senior Associate for
South Asia, Wilson Center
12:45pm-1:45pm: Lunch

1:45pm-3:45pm: Afghanistan
How if at all can Kabul, Islamabad, and Washington cooperate to achieve an endgame that works for all parties? What are the expectations that each country has of the others? What can Pakistan and Afghanistan realistically do to address each other’s concerns and allow for better cooperation—and is there a middle ground? What role should the US play in Afghanistan-Pakistan relations? Can the three countries partner in efforts to launch—and see through—a peace process in Afghanistan? Finally, what type of endgame(s) does each country want to have—and how realistic are these endgames?
Spotlight Speaker: Madina Qasimi, Deputy Chief of Mission, Embassy of Afghanistan
Panelists:
Imtiaz Gul, Executive Director, Center for Research and Security Studies, Islamabad

Robin Raphel, Former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia
Omar Samad, Analyst and Former Afghan Official
ModeratorSiniša Vuković, Assistant Professor, Conflict Management Program, School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University
4:00pm-6:00pm: Women and Entrepreneurship
What is the future of the startup and innovation economy in Pakistan, and how can it help strengthen job growth and the status of women? What can be done to foster more women’s entrepreneurship in Pakistan’s formal economy?
Spotlight Speaker: Andleeb Abbas, Member of the National Assembly, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI)
Panelists:
Sumera Abbasi, Manager, WECREATE Pakistan
Yasmin Hyder, President, Pakistan Women Entrepreneurs Network for Trade (WE-NET)
Rudaba Nasir, Employment Specialist, Gender Secretariat, International Finance Corporation
Naeem Zamindar, Former Chair of Pakistan’s Board of Investment
Moderator: Barbara Langley, Director, Center for Women’s Empowerment, Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE)
6:00pm-7:00pm: Reception
Welcoming Remarks: Athar Javaid, President, Indus

October 18

9:00am-9:30am: Registration

9:30am-9:40am: Welcoming Remarks
Michael Kugelman, Deputy Director, Asia Program, and Senior Associate for South Asia,Wilson Center
Shezad Habib, Senior Adviser, Indus
9:40am-10:30am: Opening Address
Dr. Ishrat Husain, Adviser to the Prime Minister on Institutional Reforms and Austerity,Government of Pakistan
Moderator: William B. Milam, Senior Scholar, Wilson Center

10:45am-12:45pm: Economic Futures
What are the most effective steps that Pakistan can take to address its economic challenges,both in the immediate and long term, and how practical are such steps in the current political environment? Do the initial economic policies put in place by the new Pakistani government represent steps in the right direction? How if at all can Pakistan leverage opportunities—presented by a large working-age population, the emergence of several new growth industries, and an improved security situation, among other things—in order to strengthen economic growth? What role should development assistance play in Pakistan’s economy? How should Pakistan approach the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor? Should Pakistan go back to the IMF? And is there any hope for a normalized India-Pakistan trade relationship?
Spotlight Speaker: Ali Jahangir Siddiqui, Pakistani Ambassador to the United States
Panelists:
Dr. Shamshad Akhtar, Development Economist and Former Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan
Khurram Husain, Business Editor, Dawn newspaper, and Former Wilson Center Pakistan scholar
Nadia Naviwala, Global Fellow, Wilson Center
James Schwemlein, Consultant, The World Bank, and Former U.S. Diplomat
Moderator: Amber Jamil, Communication and Outreach Director, Indus
12:45pm-1:45pm: Lunch

1:45pm-3:15pm: The Diaspora
This panel will focus broadly on how Pakistani-Americans can help strengthen the Pakistani economy. The emphasis will be on diaspora-led social and traditional entrepreneurship and investment.  What are the current opportunities and challenges presented by the business climate in Pakistan? How can the intellectual and financial capital of diaspora members help foster an entrepreneurial ecosystem with the necessary
mentorship, capital, and management experience?
Panelists:
Courtenay Dunn, Deputy Director, Office of Pakistan Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, U.S. Department of State
Naveed Sherwani, CEO, SiFive
Amra Tareen, Head of Innovation, Bed Bath & Beyond
Naeem Zamindar, Former Chair of Pakistan’s Board of Investment

Moderator: Shezad Habib, Senior Adviser, Indus

3:30pm-5:15pm: State, Society, and Extremism
How can Pakistani society and the state make real and lasting progress tackling radicalization and extremism? What steps need to be taken, and how feasible are they, given current political dynamics? What types of incentive structures are needed for state authorities to have the political will to move forward on this issue in lasting ways? What is the role of the Pakistani military in all this? Is it part of the problem, part of the solution, or both? Finally, what does the emergence of new hardline parties in the political sphere portend for security and radicalization/extremism prospects? Is it a good or bad thing to bring these hardliners into the political mainstream?

Spotlight Speaker: Javed Jabbar, Former Senator and Federal Minister, Government of Pakistan
Panelists:
Imtiaz Gul, Executive Director, Center for Research and Security Studies, Islamabad
Raza Rumi, Director, Park Center for Independent Media, Ithaca College, and Visiting Faculty, Cornell Institute for Public Affairs
Dr. Niloufer Siddiqui, Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Albany-State University of New York
Moderator: Michael Kugelman, Deputy Director, Asia Program, and Senior Associate for South Asia, Wilson Center
5:15pm-5:30pm: Closing Remarks
Michael Kugelman, Deputy Director, Asia Program, and Senior Associate for South Asia,
Wilson Center

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